VUE DE L'OPTIQUE COMPOSITION (HAND COLORED COPPER ENGRAVING USED IN THE LATERNA MAGICA TECHNIQUE) SHOWING SEA SHIPS AND BOATS ENDANGERED IN THE ROUGH WATERS OF THE MESSINA STRAIT DISTURBED BY THE 1783 EARTHQUAKE. FROM HISTORY OF GEOLOGY
New building regulations were issued by the Bourbon government, but then not enforced. A decade later in 1799, the anti-Bourbon uprising overthrew the government: amid institutional weakness and political/social strife, the anti-seismic project fell into abeyance. A kind of amnesia descended on the earthquake issue, for which later generations would pay dearly when quakes struck the region once more. Historical analysis of this crucial seismic sequence embraces scientific, town-planning and cultural aspects of this disaster.
MORE ABOUT EMANUELA GUIDOBONI
For the INGV (Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e di Vulcanologia) she planned and directed historical research on Italian earthquakes, which was then collected together in the Catalogue of Strong Earthquakes in Italy from the Ancient World to the 20th Century (and studies and databanks that have made thousands of new data available on the Italian seismicity (first release in 1995, last of 2007: Guidoboni et al., Catalogue of Strong Earthquakes in Italy from 461 BC. to 2000 and in the Mediterranean Area, from 760 BC to 1500, An Advanced Laboratory of Historical Seismology, http://storing.ingv.it/cfti4med. Emanuela Guidoboni published the Catalogue of Ancient Earthquakes in the Mediterranean Area with G.Traina and A. Comastri (1994) and the Catalogue of Earthquakes and Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Area - 11th to 15th Century with A. Comastri (2005).
For the Italian Ministry of Cultural Heritage, for the Seismic Risk Maps for the Monuments of Sicily and Calabria, she is responsible for seismic anamnesis of the monuments.
For the Department of Civil Protection (Italy) Emanuela Guidoboni is also involved in studies for volcanic eruptions (Vesuvius, Etna and Campi Flegrei) in the ancient and medieval periods up to the end of the 17th century, through analysing original historical sources and ancient treatises.
Moreover, she has analysed Italian and Mediterranean tsunamis, from ancient and medieval periods, on which Emanuela Guidoboni has published numerous scientific articles. She has also carried out activities as a visiting professor in various Italian universities (Venice, Florence, Bologna, Reggio Calabria), and in schools of specialisation in archaeology and restoration (Florence and Naples).
The success of the method adopted delineated a new scientific discipline of Historical Seismology, on which she published the first handbook with J. Ebel: Earthquakes and Tsunamis of the Past. A Guide to the Problems and Methods of Historical Seismology (2009, Cambridge University Press). In 2007-2011 she is Senior Researcher at the INGV, and is responsible for the Units of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Climate: History and Archaeology.
On February 2011 Emanuela Guidoboni founded the Euro-Mediterranean Documentation Centre on Extreme Events and Disasters (Centro Euro-Mediterraneo di Documentazione EVENTI ESTREMI E DISASTRI), based in Spoleto (Italy), for the scientific, historical and cultural divulgation on great and medium destructive impacts of disasters end their humane and natural causes (www.centroeedis.it).
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